The Hawaiian Kingdom is a neutral nation-state that was unlawfully invaded by a military force of the United States on January 16, 1893. This established an unlawful protectorate for a handful of insurgents to implement a regime change one day later, on January 17, 1893. This unlawful seizure of the Hawaiian Kingdom government by the installed puppet regime did not terminate the Hawaiian Kingdom as a nation-state and a subject of international law.
To this day, there is no bilateral treaty of cession that gives the United States and its agent, the armed-force, self-declared "State of Hawaiʻi," jurisdiction over the territory of the Hawaiian Kingdom. The joint resolution of 1898 is a domestic statute and unilateral declaration, which, under customary international law, has no force and effect outside of the continental borders of the U.S., across 2,467 miles of ocean, and in the foreign country called the Hawaiian Kingdom. The joint resolution is an agreement between both chambers of the legislature in one country, not an agreement between the legislative and executive branches of the two countries involved: Hawaiian Kingdom and United States. Consequently, the Hawaiian Kingdom remains under a belligerent occupation prolonged illegally since January 17, 1893.
Therefore, until this military occupation is brought to an end, there should be a moratorium on all construction projects on Hawaiian Kingdom lands. The proposal to build a multinational Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) on Mauna Kea is no exception. A permit for such construction could only be approved by the Hawaiian Kingdom government following U.S. de-occupation of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
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KA PAIO HANOHANO